What do you know about the Bengali civilization

What do you  know about the Bengali people? 

Throughout history human peoples have passed through many civilizations.

These civilizations differed from each other in a lot of things.

Civilization is a social system. The person helps in increasing his cultural production.

Civilization arises from four elements. Different in nature from one people to another

Each civilization is affected by the following four elements:

1 - Political systems

2 - Traditions

3 - Economic resources

4- Progress in the sciences and arts

For these reasons, we find a difference in the nature of each civilization, for example:

The Indian civilization differs from the Roman civilization, and the Greek civilization differs from the Egyptian civilization

The Bengal civilization differs from the Greek civilization. And different from the civilization of Japan

One of the oldest civilizations that has passed on to humankind is the Bengal  civilization.

The Bengali people is an ethnic community belonging to the historical region of Bengal, which is now divided between Bangladesh and India in South Asia. Bangla is spoken Bengali (বাংলা Bangla) which is one of the Indo-Aryan languages ​​in the eastern Indian subcontinent, and it has evolved from Sanskrit and Magadhi. The Bengali people belong to the line of Iranian Indians. Most Bengalis are concentrated in Bangladesh, West Bengal states, and Tripura state in northern India. There are also some Bengali communities spread in northeastern India, New Delhi and Indian states in Assam, Jharkhand, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Orissa. 

In addition, there are large Bangladeshi communities in regions outside South Asia; there are also established Bengali communities in the United Kingdom and the United States of America. A large number of Bengal settles in Britain, mainly living in the eastern neighborhoods of London, numbering about 300,000 people. In the United States, there are about 150,000 people who live in various states, especially in New York. There are also a few million Bengalis who live in the Arab Gulf states, most of whom work as foreign workers. Bengal is also distributed in Pakistan, Malaysia, South Korea, Canada, Japan, Australia and many other countries. 

Religions: Islam, Hindi and Judaism 

about  The People's Republic of Bangladesh 

Abbreviated name: Bangladesh 

The capital: Dhaka 

Language: Bengali (official), English 

Political system: republican 

Independence date: December 16, 1971 (formerly West Pakistan) 

Currency: Bangladeshi taka. 


It is a country located in southeastern Asian continent. It is bordered by India from all sides except the far southeast, which is bordered by Burma to the far southeast of the continent, and is bounded to the south by the coast of Bengal. With the Indian state in West Bengal, Bangladesh forms the Bengal region 

Area: 147,570 sq km 

Natural resources: gas, farmland, timber, coal 

Climate: tropical. 


Number: 166,280,712 people (July 2014 estimate) 

Growth rate: 1.6% (2014 estimate) 

Ethnic distribution: 98% Bengal, 2% other nationalities 

Religion: 89.5% Muslim, 9.6% Hindu, 0.9% other religions. 


GDP: $ 140.2 billion 

Annual per capita output: $ 2,100 

Growth rate: 5.8% 

Unemployment rate: 5% 

Inflation rate: 7.6% 

External debt: $ 30.69 billion 

The most important products: cotton, garments, leather, paper, fertilizers, iron, petroleum products, rice, tea, wheat, sugar cane.