What do you know about Greek civilization?
Greek civilization is one of the oldest ancient civilizations in terms of politics, thought, and art, and Greek civilization emerged during the reign of (Berkeleys 444- 429 BC), and this was during the days of King (Philip) and his father, Emperor Alexander the Great 444 BC. M.
Greek art is considered to be one of the first arts that concerned with precision in drawing and design in all shapes and drawings that are painted on the walls of temples, as it takes into account the accuracy in sculpture.
What distinguishes the Greek civilization are the three proportions that are taken into account during the drawing, and they are the proportions: (periodic, ionic, and corinthian), and each of them has its own style, in terms of drawing on the walls, columns, and ceilings.
Art painting systems:
This is the system for the gradual drawing, which is represented in (stairs), as it takes the fixed standard parts, their method, and their components, and this is in the periodic temples, and this is in view of the stairs that are raised without columns.
The drawing system is the bearing ceiling and indicates that it does not have any adhesives, but rather depends on some iron chains that raise it to the ground.
This is by means of some stones designated for temples, and some of the heavy wood, in order to have a good suspended ceiling, it is not easy to cut off, as these suspended ceilings have a special view, such as: (Temple of the Alarqion), it has three entrances that resemble The suspended ceiling made it look great in the direction of the temple.
And that wonderful destination was one of the biggest reasons that made one of the Turkish kings want to take that temple, a palace for women, because it is full of statues, and beautiful Greek sculptures, in which there is a lot of sculptures for women, and this is what distinguishes the palace, the various ionic drawings, which are designed On the walls of the temple, and columns, this is not the ancient Pharaonic civilization, as it was only highlighting the walls.
Types of Greek buildings:
1- Temples: They are distinguished by the periodic, Ionic, and Corinthian style as mentioned above.
2- Greek architecture: This is something that is very relevant to Greek cultures.
3- Influencing Persian civilization.
Greek civilization was divided into three transitional stages:
1- A stage before the classics until 1100 BC.
2- The transitional period from 1100 to 700 BC.
3- The classic period from 600 to 350 B.C.
Elements affecting Greek civilization:
Civilization is only some of the factors that affect art, culture, and the surrounding environment. It is necessary to know those factors that have affected Greek civilization, in terms of historical aspects, weather factors, geological aspect, geographical aspect, lower face, types of Greek buildings .
First: The historical factor:
In the year 490, 479 BC. M, the first attempt began to build the temples of Greek civilization, and this is what the Greeks directed from the Persians and the Persians, and this is the result of their victory, in the sites (wilderness, and marine) in front of the tribes of Persians, the Persians, and after they won, they made this day a historical memory Ancient to them.
When they built the temple, it was during the reign of Berkeleys 444- 429 BC. The Greek civilization became famous through the continuity of King Alexander the Great and his father Philip, and the Alexander palace was established which united the two kingdoms (Egypt and Greece), and the unification was connected to northern India.
Second: Weather factors:
Greece was characterized by its mild climate most of the year, and it was known for its mild climate and the purity of its sky, and this is one of the most important reasons that led to the popularity of Greek civilization in Greece, and for this reason Siam can practice normal life for them throughout the days of the year.
Third: Geological factors:
They are the luxurious materials from which the roofs and lands of temples and valleys were made, where they were made of marble, and many and diverse stones, and were found in the islands of Paros and Naxos, where the most important concerns of the Greeks was the presence of marble in abundance during the construction of temples, so that the lines are straight, moderate, and the surfaces are smooth The texture, the walls, and the floors are bright in color, to please the look.
Fourth: Geographical factors:
The seas hedge the Greek island in three respects, as the Greek civilization reached some of the neighboring countries which are (the island of Sicily, southern Italy, southern Asia Minor), where these extensions were among the most important opportunities that contributed to the establishment of competition between Greece and other states.
Fifth: The religious factor:
Greek civilization relied on the worship of persons, or natural phenomena, as it had days devoted to worship, and certain times of feasts, just as other religions, and was dependent on worship, priests, and monks, who were deciding their fate.