The most important characteristic
of ancient Japanese civilization
Japanese Geography :
Japan is located in the far east of Asia . Where is located in the Pacific Ocean , west of China , Korea and Russia . The characters that form the name of Japan in Japanese means " the origin of the sun " and this is called on Japan , sometimes the name of " country sun bright ."
Consists Japan of more than 3,000 islands, the largest of the four islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku, and most of these islands mountains and a lot of volcanoes, and is considered the highest mountain in Japan is Mount Fuji , which is also the top of the volcanic . Is considered Japan 's tenth state of where the number of population in the world, where a population of approximately 128 million people, is the area of Tokyo Grand is the largest gathering population in the world with more than 30 million people .
Because of Japan's geographical isolation , the country entered the era of history later than its Asian neighbors . I knew Japan renaissance first after the entry of Buddhism, was the quotation ` many of the tributaries of the civilization of China . Despite its apparent influence in China, the Japanese civilization has made a distinguished road for itself . It kicked off the Renaissance second when he began to quote science and knowledge of Western in century VIII th AD . Through a number of articles, we try to identify the most prominent aspects of this unique civilization .
History of Japanese civilization :
It begins with the history of Japan 's 660 before Christmas with the stage of primitive and that facilitated the formation system centralized in 220 BC . M Where was the religion dominant is ( Hantoleezzm ) and the word Shittu means by gods and spirits and is the religion of glorifying the spirits and the forces of nature and by offering legends ( Boleezzaa ) and that it has the effect of large on Alsloko thinking .
According to what came in the novels and legends , the Japanese is composed of a mixture of citizens , indigenous and colonized the Mongols and Malays as returning civilization Japanese to the year 560 before Christmas .
Worship is ( Shin Toyezm ) and is the worship of the dead , where they think they are family affected by the events and more nation tribe honor the dead of the nation , and especially ( Fikadu ) also affected Japan of Confucianism and Buddhism , and then formed ,,,,, then followed the reforms empire , March Japanese mathematics water and was sports physical with them influenced by the principles of Japanese and especially the defense of self , which are all through the lightness and agility , planted this topic behaviors and exercises simple when the people of Japan meanings of courage and health and strength Nu CDDA all the meanings of the greeting that goes to the extent of suicide official ( Araqueri ) and Japan as well as Peoples primitive Middle Far , the history of Japan is based on legends and myths where the Alanos people of fishermen and lonely The best and oldest breed is that when they colonized Almagul .
It begins with the history of Japan 's 660 before Christmas with the stage of primitive and that facilitated the formation system centralized in 220 BC . M Where was the religion dominant is ( Hantoleezzm ) and the word Shittu means by gods and spirits and is the religion of glorifying the spirits and the forces of nature and by offering legends ( Boleezzaa ) and that it has the effect of large on Alsloko thinking . Even a hundred years ago , did not the West , knows nothing about the Japanese have been Japan isolated completely from the world outside
Over 250 years , it did not allow any foreigner to enter the country ( with the exception of some traders Dutch ) as he has not been allowed any Japanese to leave ...
Has been on this case until the year 1853 when he reached the captain ( Perry ) on the back of a ship warship US , to try to persuade the Japanese even " force " open the doors of their country in the face of trade foreign ,
After that began the people know some thing about the country and its people
Japanese homes :
If Tamguena in the civilization of Japan , we find that it is of the greatest and oldest civilizations and still a lot of the character of that civilization hangs on its people and this shows clearly in their homes , where it is often what we hear that their homes are made of paper and this is true , walls are foreign made usually of wood and ceiling of firewood , and between Rooms barriers Animations are made of paper thick , which allows the passage of light and draws upon birds and flowers and views of natural spectacular and in the very beauty attracts the beholder to them and invite to relax , and doors moving sliding easier to open a compartment on the room adjacent like this style of houses nice too in the summer , but cool in The V , especially if you have not been doing only those means of conventional heating a pot large Chinese call it name ( Hepashi ) and put it some embers of coal glowing and currently such as these means of heating used in the countryside .
And what is strange in their traditions :
They do not wear their shoes inside their homes , and that because of the floor of the house are all Clad Balhsair made of straw ,
Which is called ( tatami ) and is easy to tear and dirty ...
Also , the house is free of beds and benches ,
And everyone sits on a flat , rigid pillow ,
But at night they sleep on their quilts, they fold in the daytime and are kept in a large granite .
Japanese food :
When we come to the habits of food when the Japanese understand they eat a bit big of rice , and are fond of fish , especially a uncooked after marinade sauce , soy beans , and they love pancakes , sweet made of flour beans ...
It is amazing that they are before 100 years did they taste the flesh of any animal from a four because they were perceived dirty , and now they eat the meat of cows and pigs ...
Main drink :
Is the tea understanding are fond of tea with the color yellow ..
Language and writing :
The Japanese , despite of that their civilization ancient , but they did not invent letters to them
Rather, they quote the Chinese way of writing .
It is a way not consistent with the language as it is very in difficulty ,
Here, the difficulty of the Japanese language combined with the difficulty of writing
They followed it, so Japanese writing was considered the most difficult writing in the world ...
Japanese religion :
There are in Japan , two religions are different
1 _ Shintoism : a religion national oldest , and is where the worship of nature .
2_ Buddhism : It is the religion that invaded the country , but Shinto did not reject Buddhism
Rather, you try to digest the beliefs you believe in .
Here it can be said that the Japanese embrace the two religions .
Martial arts :
And under the name of another arts defense for self - Japanese refers to the diversity enormous for arts defense of self - native to Japan . Japanese as much as used in three at least interchangeably with the term English " Arts of Defense for self - Japanese ": " Bodo " , which means literally " means the defense of self " , which is not there a translation is perfect , but means something like science , arts , or craft war , and " my face " , and this means literally " arts defense of self ." The term " Bodo " is one modern , and intended it is usually to refer to the practice of arts defense of self as a way of life , which includes physical and spiritual and moral dimensions with a focus on improving self , fulfillment , or the growth of personal . And bujutsu My face, terms, and definitions are more and more separate , at least historically . Bujutsu It specifically refers to the practical application of methods and techniques of self- defense in actual combat .  My face refers to adapting or refining those methods and techniques to facilitate systematic education and dissemination within a formal educational environment .
Sumo ( in Japanese : ??) is a Japanese combat sport . Are popular large in the country . Interference in the game some of the rituals of Japanese old, and considered by the Japanese more than just a sport unusual, it is a tradition and heritage of collecting on the need to preserve it .
The mention of the word " SOMO " for the first time in 712 AD in the writings of Kojiki (???) or " the facts of the events of old , " which is the first blogging Japanese known . Troy the " Kojiki " the story of a conflict Somo House between the gods Kadiman, " Takemi Kazuchi " and " Takemi Nakata " , then the victory of the first . After his victory took the people who led " Takemi Kazuchi " on the islands of the archipelago of Japan, also descended from the crucifixion emperors of Japan current .
Judo ( Japanese : pronounced Japanese autonomation ??) is the art of combat, and sport, and philosophy . He grew up judo in Japan by Dr. Jigoro Kano in 1882. and the meaning of judo is the art high or advanced or Upscale and in the year 1860 was born Mr. Gejorcano has been a small size and weak infrastructure and to strengthen his body began to practice the art Aljojsto has been age 17 years and in the year 1880 he worked as director at the University of Tokyo and the Bmmarh of all the arts of various existing in it aloft and has developed and disposed Games serious that lead to death , so can the human being implemented as a sport general is not serious any he elevated Baljojsto to the art of sophisticated he called judo and in the year 1882 founded a school to teach the art of judo and whether school universal education ( Kodokan That ) in Tokyo and began with training 9 players and then spread and turned to the sport popular in Japan , and then in all around the world . Definition of Judo : is the sport Japanese defensive and offensive aims to win less effort using skills Alchtlvh such as throwing from the top and play ground .
Alcartih type of types of arts combat and using the hands , feet , knees and facilities as weapons
Karate ?? The word Japanese means hand empty as said Karate Do any way hand empty
Its inception : believes that the emergence of the arts martial Japanese due to mystics or monks came from China and settled in Japan to teach religion like him in that like many of the arts combat other . And it believed that karate was derived from the arts of combat and other such Alkembo . As the occupation of Japan to the island of Okinawa , the role of large in the appearance of karate . Where preventing on the inhabitants carry arms , which made them develop Akarata to defend for themselves against the power of the samurai and the use of tools daily weapons , but it did not always feasible in front of the training of a samurai strict .
There are several types of karate that belong to famous schools or teachers . The most common type is Shotokan and can be traced back to the Master sensei Funakoshi also that there is a school Alkiukushinkaa a violent kind of addition to the school Algojorio that of the most important representatives teacher Sensei Chojun Miyagi
Distinguish Karate Baldharabat explosive but find wrestling and Louis Mufasil and subtraction on the ground and braking and beatings on places vital in kata .
The fact that Japan and the civilization of ancient and people of the legendary him of stories strange many and the fact that the people of Japan , such as the peoples of South East Asia civilized their values and principles and ethics of benign and respect for another ( the though the values are not due to religions celestial ) on the contrary , we find civilization Western ( in Europe and America ) imbue dye Astalaiah on the other and lacks the religious values and good .