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 Pharaohs and gold
They discovered it since ancient times and made artistic masterpieces from it


The Pharaohs were the first to reach the extraction of gold, through exploration work in the Eastern Desert, the Red Sea and Nubia, and they excelled in making it, so we find that their gold had a strong presence, they are the ones who discovered it, made it, wore it and carved it, but they did not worship it.

The pharaohs had discovered gold since ancient times.

 The ancient Egyptians discovered about 125 mines in the eastern desert, the Red Sea region, and Nubia, which means the land of gold in the ancient Egyptian language. Pharaonic Egypt was rich in gold, and one of the rulers of the Near East said to King Amenhotep III," I send me a quantity of gold because Gold in your country is like dirt.

 The director of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina Museum of Antiquities confirmed that the golden papyrus in the Turin Museum in Italy from the reign of King City I of the Nineteenth Dynasty refers to the gold mines scattered in the Eastern Desert, and the successive archaeological discoveries reflect the ancient Egyptians' enjoyment of tremendous experience in the field of gold exploration and extraction from quartz veins. As well as their great experience in the field of manufacturing it, they used fire and porcelain jungle to smelt it.

 "Gold industry"

The director of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina Museum of Antiquities continued: The scenes on the walls of the ancient Egyptian tombs indicate that the ancient Egyptians introduced fire to the manufacture of gold. Its edges are made of porcelain that does not burn, then gold is poured after melting it into molds to make jewelry, and the primary techniques used in making gold in the early stages of the ancient Egyptians were not dependent on fire, but were based on transforming shapes and changing them by hammer, anvil and pressure tools. The fingertips of the dwarves are behind the accuracy of the artefacts, and the pharaohs made many things out of gold.

 Examples of the ingenuity of the pharaohs in the gold industry

There is a golden dome within the tomb of Queen Hetepheres, the mother of King Khufu and the wife of King Senefru, and the mask of King Tutankhamun, which weighs about 11 kilograms, and his coffin, which weighs about 110.5 kilograms of pure gold, and the Pharaohs wore a lot of gold in his precious jewelry.
 Gold was used in the beautiful sculptures of the pharaohs, and it was allocated to senior statesmen, and the pharaohs buried gold with them, and the pharaohs did not worship gold and sanctify the golden color that was symbolic of the color of the sun's rays, and the gold industry was associated with the ancient Egyptians with the doctrine of immortality, because its color does not change over time, Gold industry was one of the most important Egyptian crafts, and gold was associated with funeral rites and beliefs.

 In the Pharaonic civilization, gold occupies great importance in social life and the rituals of death and life.

 Ancient Egypt was famous for its mines, from which gold was extracted in abundance, gold artifacts and pharaonic ornaments, and there are important pieces of the ornaments of the pharaohs that came from Tanis (the maintenance of stone), such as the golden mask of King Susans I of the Twenty-first Dynasty, and many groups of gold vessels, as well as the golden crown of Princess Sat Hathor Yunt, as well as the bracelets of Queen Hetepheres of the Fourth Dynasty, and bracelets from the reign of King Jir from the First Dynasty.
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